Samskruti & Sampradayam
Samskruti
Sampradayam

INDIA is known to be a “KARMA BHOOMI”. It is The LAND where OUR KARMAS are fulfilled. KARMA is nothing but “Duties” we are supposed to do. The oldest of living religions is based on ancient natural universal law which is known as Sanatana Dharma. Hinduism has embedded the essence of sanatana dharma to form a way of life.

Samskruti can be best explained with an example. Hindu Samskruti is very ancient and one of the greatest Samskruties (culture) in the world. Hindu Samskruti has been concealed in “Vedas, Itihasas, Puranas, and Upanishads”.

Great sage VYASA MAHARSHI has classified Vedas into 4 categories.




VEDAS

Vedas enlighten us with immense knowledge about various things which we think is impossible to exist or has been invented/discovered in the recent times with the help of science. Vedas provide information regarding the science itself.

Our modern equipments or discoveries or inventions like Aeroplane, Test tube babies, Plastic Surgery etc. can be found documented in our ancient literature.
 
Vedas provide details about Measurements and the Posture of the Aeroplane, how the pilot is supposing to act and how well he and the passengers should be seated.

“Our great Rishis and Gurus like Dhronacharya, Krupacharya, and the Kouravas" are all test tube Babies. As per Mahabharata they were born in “Earthen pots”.

Sage Charaka has done the “plastic surgery” Centuries ago.

Vedas have been Sub-divided based on the purpose they serve

    • AYUR VEDAM             : The name is very familiar to every one it consists (science of life)
    • DHANUR VEDAM         : It gives information regarding the (war weapons) and about Rajaneeti.
    • GAANDHARVA VEDAM : It consists information about music.
    • ARTHA VEDAM            : It’s about the Arts, Agriculture, Economics etc.

UPANISHATHULU

 
“THE ZEST OF THE VEDAS IS STORED IN UPANISHADS”.

Upanishads are divided into ”108” out of which 10 are important, they are

ESHA, KENA, KATA, PRASHNA, MONDAKA, MANDUKA, TAITREYA, ITAREYA, CHANDHOGYA, BHRUHADARANYAKA.
 
ITIHASAS





The Ramayana consists of 24,000 shlokas written by Sage Valmiki. It depicts the story of Lord Rama and Sita which enables us to understand the relationships and bondage.

The Mahabharata consists of 18 Parvas and 1 lakh shlokas written by Vyasa Maharishi. The Mahabharata is also known as the PANCHAMA VEDAM which depicts Neeti Shastram. The Mahabharata has given us the precious Gifts like BHAGAVAD GEETA and VISHNUSAHASRANAMAM.

PURANAS

The Puranas are 18 different stories which has been simplified and written so that we can under stand and lead our life in a proper way (Dharma baddhanga) and it even explains us about the rituals that we are supposed to perform and the works that we are supposed to do as Humans, and gives knowledge about the importance of piligrimage.

The 18 Puranas are

   1. BRAMHA PURANAM,
   2. PADMA PURANAM,                            
   3. VISHNU PURANAM
   4. SHIVA PURANAM
   5. BHAGAVATHAM                           
   6. LINGA PURANAM
   7. VARAHA PURANAM
   8. NARADHIYA PURANAM
   9. MARKANDEYA PURANAM
  10. AGNI PURANAM
  11. BHAVISHYA PURANAM
  12. BRAMHAVAIVARTHA PURANAM
  13. SKANDHA PURANAM
  14. VAMANA PURANAM
  15. KURMA PURANAM
  16. MASTHYA PURANAM
  17. GARUDA PURANAM
  18. BRAMHANDA PURANAM


The Bhagavath Geeta is considered as the Gift to the world by Sri Krishna.

Samskaras

They are nothing but the rituals and sacrifices,These rituals cover the entire life of an hindu, from the time of conception to the funeral ceremonies and there after. The samskaras are given (done) mainly in two forms “Mantras and Mudras’’ which are disclosed when ever it is needed.

The samskaras are of 16 which are also known as Sodasha karmas...

  1. Garbhadhana : Time of conception.
  2. Punsavanam : The ritual performed during the time of pregnancy for the sake of male child.
  3. Seemantonnayana : A ritual performed to the pregnant lady for the welfare of the mother and the child.
  4. Jatakarma : This ritual is done during the time of  child birth, the father is supposed to look at the child before the ambilical cord is cut.
  5. Namakarana : Naming the child.
  6. Nishkramana : Bringing the child out of the home for the first time.
  7. Annaprashana : The ritual is performed, when the child is given solid food (anna) for the first time.
  8. Chudakarana : Removing the hair for the first time.
  9. Karna-vedha : Piercing of the ears.
  10. Upanayanam : The thread ceremony done to a male child. The child is there after authorized to perform certain rituals. Studies of Vedas begins with the Guru.
  11. Samavartana : Coming back home after the gurukulavasa.
  12. Vivaha : The marriage ceremony.
  13. Gruhasthashrama : The marital status.
  14. Vanaaprasthashram : The gruhastha retires from worldly life and proceeds for tapas & studies.
  15. Sanyasam : Leading a saintly life.
  16. Antyeshthi and shraddha : The rituals done after the death and thereafter.

Samskaras also create the  cultural and traditional awareness, for instance when the boy is given the scared thread “upanayanam”, he is given the right to study the Vedas and perform certain duties as 'Bhramachari' after the marriage the 'Gruhasta' is given the right to perform the rituals mentioned in the Vedas. In short the samskaras are so well designed by our ancestors that it covers the entire social and spiritual life of a person. The samskaras in other words can be explained as the process of purification of the soul from the influence of worldly life towards attaining the moksha.


SAMPRADHAYAM
 

Sampradayam is nothing but the traditions adopted and followed. The Hindu Sampradayam is very vast and as deep as an ocean. It can be best expressed as “Unity in Diversity”.

Let us start with the Festivals and then proceed towards Music and Dance etc.


1.Festivals       2.Music        3.Dance